Article should be submitted to the Editor at Authors are to submit soft copies of the manuscript. Editors cannot accept the responsibility for damage to or loss of manuscripts submitted.


Manuscripts will not be considered for publication if they have been published before or if they are under review by another journal or publisher. Papers accepted for publication must not be published elsewhere without the consent of the Editor and Publishers.


The journal will only accept papers submitted in English. All manuscripts are requested to be prepared in accordance with the journal’s style, which is outlined below.


a. Length: The length of an article should be between 5000 and 7000 words inclusive of all Manuscripts must be typed using New Times Roman (Font 12) on one side of an A4 page only and all parts must be double-spaces with 5cm (1.2 in) margins. documents (table, illustrations, bibliographies as well as appended texts).

b. Title Page Affiliations: The title page should carry the title, the author(s)’ name(s) and affiliations and their affiliated institution(s). In the case of a long title, an abbreviated version of no more than 40 characters (including spaces) should be supplied by the author for running heads.

c. Abstract: Provide an abstract of 250-300 words on the first hard copy.

d. Figures, Tables and Illustrations: Each should be clearly title and numbered consecutively. All visual presentations including photographs, illustrations, table charts, diagrams, etc must be camera ready for immediate reproduction. All original figures or glossy should be provided. A list of the figure, tables and illustrations captions should be typed on separate sheets at the end of the manuscripts.

e. Manuscript: Manuscript must be written with the following headings numbered as the following


[1] An Introduction to Research

(Major division, placed at the centre, in bold)


[2] Doing Field Research

(Major divisions, placed at margin in bold)


[3] Types of Field Research

(Major subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold and italics)


[4] Participant Observation at Research Site

(Sub-subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold and italics)


f. Notes: Endnotes may be used but avoid footnotes.

g. References: Please adhere to the instructions provided for citations in text and the reference.

i. In text. The author(s)’ name(s) and date of publication should be given e.g. (Jones, 1975); for quotations (Jones& Smith, 1974, p79)

ii. In reference. References should be cited according to APA style and as illustrated below:

  • Woods, P. (2001). Successful writing for qualitative researchers. London: Routlege Falmer.

  • Ely, M.,Vinz, R.,Downing, M. & Anzul, M.(1997). On writing qualitative research. London: The Falmer Press.


Denzin, N.K.(1994). The art and politics of interpretation. In Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S.(eds.). Handbook for aqualitative research (pp.485-5000. California: Sage Publications.

  • JOURNAL ARTICLE Ball, S.J. (1990).

Self-doubt and soft data: Social and technical trajectories in ethnographic fieldwork. Qualitative Studies in Education, 3, pp.157-171


Samuel, M.(1992). The social construction of text: A study of two contrasting pedagogies. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.


Hoepft, M.C.(1997). Choosing qualitative research: A primer for technology education researchers. Journal of technology education, 9(1). Retrieved on 12th April, 2005 from


Loughran. J.J., & Gunstone, R.F. (1996). Self-study in teaching and research. A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, April 1996.


Alina Simon. (11 September 2003). Education: A call to corporate. New Straits Times, p.8.

h. Use of Language. Authors are responsible for delivering their paper in good English (using British, rather than American spelling). Authors are also reminded that they are writing for an international audience and advised to avoid national colloquialisms, sexist language and idiomatic use of language. The authors are responsible to ensure proof reading is performed if recommended by reviewers. Evidence of proof reading can be requested by the editor if required.

i. Plagiarism. The authors can be required to submit plagiarism report if requested by the reviewers/editor in cases of doubts. Please note that if any plagiarism is detected the paper will be immediately withdraw and a warning letter will be issued to the authors.

j. Other points. Proofs will be sent to the author (first-named author if no corresponding author is identified on muti-authored papers) and should be returned within the specified time given, preferably by email. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors. Authors are requested to answer all queries in full. Subsequent additional corrections will not be possible, so please ensure that your first communication is complete

k. Refereeing/Reviewing Procedure. A minimum of two referees/reviewers as well as the editor will review each manuscript. The refereeing process may take up a minimum of three months from the date of receipt. Where manuscript revisions are required, authors must ensure that books and articles cited in “References” actually appear in the text and vice versa.

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