a) Format. The article should be submitted as a soft copy to the Editor at Manuscripts must be typed using New Times Roman (Font 12) and all parts must be double-spaced with 5cm (1.2 in) margins. The soft copy must be in Word document.


Manuscripts will not be considered for publication if they have been published before, or if they are under review by another journal or publisher. Papers accepted for publication must not be published elsewhere without the consent of the Editor and Publishers.

The journal will only accept papers submitted in English. All manuscripts are requested to be prepared in accordance with the journal’s style, which is outlined below.


b) Length. The length of an article should be between 5000 and 7000 words inclusive of all documents (table, illustrations, bibliographies as well as appended texts).


c) Title Page Affiliations. The title page should carry the title, the author(s)’ name(s) and affiliations and their affiliated institution(s). In the case of a long title, an abbreviated version of no more than 40 characters (including spaces) should be supplied by the author for running heads.


d) Abstract. Provide an abstract of 250-300 words in the soft copy. To include keywords.


e) Figures. Tables and Illustrations. Each should be clearly titled and numbered consecutively. All visual presentations including photographs, illustrations, table charts, diagrams, etc must be camera-ready for immediate reproduction. All original figures or glossy should be provided. A list of the figure, tables and illustrations captions should be typed on separate sheets at the end of the manuscripts.



f) Headings. Heading should be as follows:

i. Introduction 

(Major division, placed at margin, in bold)

ii. Background/Literature Review  

(Major division, placed at margin, in bold)

iii. Methodology  

(Major divisions, placed at margin in bold)

ix. Research Site

(Sub-subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold)

v. Sampling 

(Sub-subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold)

vi. Data collection method/protocol  

(Sub-subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold)

vii. Data Analysis method

(Sub-subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold)

viii. Ethical considerations 

(Sub-subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold)

ix. Results  

(Major subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold)

x. Discussion

(Major subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold and italics)

xi. Conclusion

(Major subdivisions, placed at the margin, in bold and italics)

g) References. Please adhere to the instructions provided for citations in text and the reference.

i. In-text.  The author(s)’ name(s) and date of publication should be given e.g. (Jones, 1975); for quotations (Jones& Smith, 1974, p79)

ii. In reference.  References should be cited according to APA style and as illustrated below:


Woods, P. (2001). . London: Routlege Falmer.

Ely, M.,Vinz, R.,Downing, M. & Anzul, M.(1997). . London: The Falmer Press.




Denzin, N.K.(1994). The art and politics of interpretation. In Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S.(eds.). (pp.485-5000. California: Sage Publications.


Ball, S.J. (1990). Self doubt and soft data: Social and technical trajectories in ethnographic fieldwork. , 3, pp.157-171



Samuel, M.(1992). The social construction of text: . Unpublished doctoral thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.


Hoepft, M.C.(1997). Choosing qualitative research: A primer for technology education researchers. Journal of technology education, 9(1). Retrieved on 12th April, 2005 from



Loughran. J.J., & Gunstone, R.F. (1996). . A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, April 1996.


Alina Simon. (11 September 2003). Education: A call to corporate. New Straits Times, p.8.


h). Use of Language. Authors are responsible for delivering their paper in good English (using British, rather than American spelling). Authors are also reminded that they are writing for an international audience and advised to avoid national colloquialisms, sexist language and idiomatic use of language


i) Other points. Proofs will be sent to the author (first-named author if no corresponding author is identified on multi-authored papers) and should be returned within the specified time given, preferably by email. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors. Authors are requested to answer all queries in full. Subsequent additional corrections will not be possible, so please ensure that your first communication is complete

j) Refereeing Procedure. A minimum of two referees as well as the editor will review each manuscript. The refereeing process may take up a minimum of three months from the date of receipt. Where manuscript revisions are required, authors must ensure that books and articles cited in “References” actually appear in the text and vice versa.

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